The following is a list of literary devices that authors use to make their writing more interesting and vivid. I like to directly explain each device to students, draw attention to the device while reading in any read-aloud novel, and incorporate using those devices in writing assignments. These devices can be used no matter which reading program or literature-based reading list you are using!
* Similes–Compares 2 things, uses like or as "The sun was like a spotlight on the world."
* Metaphors–Compares 2 things as if they are the same item "The clouds were marshmallows."
* Idioms–Phrases that say one thing but mean another "You hit the nail on the head."
* Alliteration–Using the same beginning letter in a phrase for emphasis "He made his special spicy salami sandwich."
* Personification–Writing about inanimate objects as IF they were a PERSON. Stories with talking animals or talking trees, such as fables or the Wizard of Oz are the most common examples.
* Foreshadowing–Giving a hint that something is coming up in the story. "Little did I know I'd be in for the adventure of my life."
* Flashback–Telling a story of a previous experience inside a story in present tense. "I'll never forget when I was a child and I got my first dog."
* Symbolism–Using something to represent and give meaning or a message about something else. "What does the apple in the story represent?"
* Irony–Something in a story happens in the opposite way than was expected.
*Satire–Making fun of something or making a statement about something in another genre. Gulliver's Travels is a political satire.
* Onomatopoeia–Using "sound" words. "Bang!" "Crunch"