A list of literary devices in literature

The following is a list of literary devices that authors use to make their writing more interesting and vivid.  I like to directly explain each device to students, draw attention to the device while reading in any read-aloud novel, and incorporate using those devices in writing assignments.  These devices can be used no matter which reading program or literature-based reading list you are using!

* Similes–Compares 2 things, uses like or as "The sun was like a spotlight on the world."

* Metaphors–Compares 2 things as if they are the same item  "The clouds were marshmallows."

* Idioms–Phrases that say one thing but mean another  "You hit the nail on the head."

* Alliteration–Using the same beginning letter in a phrase for emphasis  "He made his special spicy salami sandwich."

* Personification–Writing about inanimate objects as IF they were a PERSON.  Stories with talking animals or talking trees, such as fables or the Wizard of Oz are the most common examples.

* Foreshadowing–Giving a hint that something is coming up in the story.  "Little did I know I'd be in for the adventure of my life."

* Flashback–Telling a story of a previous experience inside a story in present tense.  "I'll never forget when I was a child and I got my first dog."

* Symbolism–Using something to represent and give meaning or a message about something else.  "What does the apple in the story represent?"

* Irony–Something in a story happens in the opposite way than was expected.

*Satire–Making fun of something or making a statement about something in another genre.  Gulliver's Travels is a political satire.

* Onomatopoeia–Using "sound" words.  "Bang!"  "Crunch"

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1 Comment

  1. September 26, 2012 at 8:10 pm

    It was indeed very helpful


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